7 Facts About Sugar Every Nigerian Should Take Seriously
Almost everything we eat in Nigeria is high in sugar. From the apples we buy from our local fruit vendor to the agege bread to the rice we love to eat everyday. And growing amongst experts for people consuming too much of sugar, a lot of people often ask, how much sugar is too much sugar? Is the sugar in fruit better than the sugar in fruit juice or other sugar sources? What should I eat or what shouldn’t I eat? Does sugar make kids hyperactive?. In order to answer your curiosity, INFORMATION NIGERIA has put together 7 facts about sugar guaranteed to answer all your questions and even more…
– There are two main types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Type 2 is the one referred to as associated with a complex range of risk factors including being overweight. Current scientific evidence has not established that sugar directly causes Type 2 diabetes, however there is an association between sugars-sweetened beverage consumption and increased incidence of Type 2 diabetes.
– There are many different types of sugars, including glucose (dextrose), fructose, sucrose (table sugar), lactose (milk sugar) and maltose, and these all occur naturally. The body does not distinguish between sugars used in manufacturing or in the home, and those found naturally in fruits and vegetables. For example, sucrose in an apple is broken down in exactly the same way as the sucrose in your sugar bowl.
– There is a popular myth that sugar makes kids hyperactive, well, according to a 1994 double-blind research study in the New England Journal of Medicine, a sugary diet does not have an adverse effect on the behavior or cognitive skills of children.
– There is the belief that whole wheat bread (that is brown bread) has a very low glycemic index (The rate at which glucose enters your blood stream depends partly on the fiber content of the food) and therefore lowers your sugar level and your risk of diabetes, which makes it better than white bread. However, according to experts, there is no significant difference between the two, as whole wheat bread has the same glycemic index as white bread.
– Eliminating sugars from your diet is not necessary in order to lose weight, because studies have shown that high sucrose (sugar) diets are not linked to higher body weight or higher body mass index (BMI). In fact, high sugar intakes are often linked to lower BMI. Several studies have found that as the percent of sugar in the diet increases, body weight and BMI decrease.
– Dental cavities are caused by bacteria not sugars as many have believed for a long time that sugars and cooked starches (e.g., bread, pasta, crackers, and chips) are fermentable carbohydrates that contribute to the risk for dental cavities. However, it is the absence of proper oral hygiene, which causes bacteria present on the teeth to break down sugars and cooked starches to produce acid then lead to dental cavities.
– Since 1997, no fewer than five leading scientific and health organizations including the Food and Agriculture Organization, World Health Organization, the Institute of Medicine, and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics have all concluded that dietary sugars are not associated with causing illness or chronic diseases, including obesity.